"Create..." tools in commands bar
The first drawer of commands bar is labeled "Create" and obviously relates to creating of Vertices, Polygons, Edges and Objects.
- Interaction: None, Move, Rotate - interactive behavior of the tool. It defines what will happen with copied objects - will they be moved, rotated or nothing will happen. Move is default, so if you click and drag on an object, a copy will be created and will be moved while you hold left mouse button. When no interaction selected, this tool does not depend on axes and pivot.
- Instance: creates an instanced-copy. This option is rarely used and will be discussed in advanced lessons.
- With children: causes copy tool to create a copy of a whole hierarchy of the node(s) you copy.
Lights created with these tools are physical light sources which illuminate the scene geometry. They are not light-effects or light-glow effects. Moreover, game engines usually place lights dynamically, depending on players position and direction of view. Lights computation is expencive, so these lights are used, in general, to make a render of geometry in ZModeler, and rarely used when exporting scene to the game.
An animation on the right shows the use of Fan tool to create a set of polygons. They are created in an object that consist from single recrangle polygon - the first "shared" vertex used for polyfan was choosen among existen vertices and all other were created by the tool during creation process. Right mouse button was clicked to stop creation process.
Single polygon creation tool creates single polygon with tree clicks (if Triangles are selected in Polygon... options box), four clicks (if Quads are selected) and several clicks (until right mouse button pressed, if Polygon selected). Since triangles are the most commonly used type of polygons, we shall discuss only triangles here.
Strip polygon creation tool is the most recently used for creating
polygons by hand. You just start whereever you want in the mesh and lead the
strip of polygons in any direction. Animation on the left shows creation of
quad polygons in existen mesh.
In the last example, I've disabled Smart depth option to show how
polygons are created in 3D. I've created them in front view and new vertices
that were created (a pair on the left and a pair on the right) need to be
positioned in 3D space. When smart depth is turned off, the tool uses Pivot
helper position as a "depth" where to place the points. Notice on the image
below, in the top view, that "in depth" new points are positioned on the same
"depth" as pivot helper. In most of cases I don't use smart depth feature.
Instead, I pay attention where pivot helper is located before I create new
polygons with these tools and, if required, I place pivot helper where needed
before new vertices are created.
Among several options inside Surface... options box we are interested only in Produce: Triangles/Quads switch. As you quess, grid surface can be either triangle-based or quad-based. All other options among Surface... settings as well as Revolved and Loft surfaces will be discussed in advanced lessons. On the right an examples of triangle-based surface with 3 columns, 2 rows and a quad-based surface with 4 columns and 1 row.